All PowerPoint slides were designed to relay a message to your audiences regardless of who they are. Here in this post, I’ll be introducing some of design considerations and layouts when using different diagrams.

Iceberg slide

Just showing ways of using Iceberg slides in different perspectives for your presentation slides. This gives you several possibilities on how you can use iceberg templates into your own slides to tell different messages. In the following area, I’ll discuss in 2 areas:

  1. Hidden Sugars – Hidden sugars are definitely prominent in everyday food that we commonly eat. The iceberg template actually helps in telling the audiences that not only pastries and cupcakes are filled with sugar, but also in dried fruits and white rice.
  2. Customer Complaint Iceberg – This also tells us how icebergs can portray how much-hidden customer complaints are kept under the carpet. You can read more about it on this particular page. You guessed it by now, the tip of the iceberg actually discusses what can be seen easily and what cannot be seen easily(Keyword is hidden) Refer to the reference found here


Fishbone Diagram

Fishbone diagrams demonstrate a cause and effect diagram or Ishikawa diagram. It is a visualization tool for categorising the potential causes of a problem in order to identify its root causes. It is a useful representation to tell the big picture of potential effects and what are the implications of it. Before you start designing the fishbone diagram, consider the following:

  1. The Fish Head – What is the main problem that you have narrowed down to. What is the one thing that you wish to solve? Identify that before proceeding down further into the possible root causes.
  2. The Fish Bone – This is where you identify potential/existing causes that led to your problem. It helps you to create strategies to solve the existing problem that you have and also brainstorm possible solutions that could help you. It is good to laydown bullet points




Going into something about numbers and analytics, do consider some incorporation of infographics to your slides. It will help your learners visualise things such as:

  1. Preferences based on gender, if you have one. Showing a metaphor or Male vs. Female allows learners to visualise and understand the general picture much more effectively.
  2. Use infographics to attempt the big picture during your presentation. It also helps you to tell several stories in a slide in an interactive manner.

You can consider using these 4 perspectives to have a better understanding of the golden rules.

  1. Infographics don’t necessarily require fancy animations or pictures. It could begin with circles and rectangles to tell differences in statistics/numbers/percentages.
  2. Consider websites such as iconfinder or freepik that provide free resources to enhance your infographic better.
  3. Make it as compact and meaningful as possible. Remove irrelevant information after you go through several drafts. This is to cut short the long story and keep to the point. It also considers that your audience is not able to remember all the information that you have presented to them.
  4. As a safe guide to your slides, I would keep it to a maximum of 5-7 points you wish to bring across, anything more and the audience will not recall a thing.

When all else fails, consider the link below to download free powerpoint resources for your next infographic:

Process Flow/Timeline Diagrams

If you are into processes and simplicity, this is one of the few slide design you can consider. However, break down the processes into smaller steps if you have more than 5 on a slide. It can be pretty tricky to understand once it’s too overwhelming. It helps to tell your audience where you are in the presentation and give an overview for everyone to understand. Refer to the link below to download the template. Consider these perspectives when designing a process flow diagram:

  1. Limit your number of points, similar to the infographic point 4 mentioned earlier. These are important learning design considerations.
  2. Try to limit the number of words in the process flow/timeline. It will make the design too cluttered and messy at times.
  3. Use as many pictures to replace words.


Last of all, here are some additional resources that you could read up on PowerPoint design considerations. These are general design guidelines.